To evaluate the effect of combined surgical-medical treatment on endometriosis progression in adolescents as measured by disease stage.
Retrospective chart review.
Two academic medical centers.
Sequential cases of young women identified on chart review with chronic pelvic pain unresponsive to dysmenorrheal treatment who underwent initial laparoscopy for diagnosis and surgical destruction of endometriosis. All patients were then treated with standard continuous medical therapy. Patients with exacerbation of pain on anti-endometriosis medical therapy who elected a subsequent laparoscopic procedure were eligible for this study.
Retrospective chart review
Main Outcome Measures
Endometriosis stage and adhesions at subsequent laparoscopy as compared to the initial surgical procedure.
90 patients met inclusion criteria. Eligible patients were 12 to 24 years of age at the time of the initial laparoscopy. The median endometriosis stage at first and second laparoscopy was I. No stage change was observed in 70% of patients, 19% improved by one stage, 1% improved by two stages, and 10% worsened by one stage. Regardless of initial stage, a trend toward disease progression was not observed. There was a significant likelihood for stage improvement at second laparoscopy, with those initially diagnosed as stage II or III most likely to exhibit improvement.
Based on the concept that endometriosis can be progressive, these data suggest that combined surgical-medical management retards disease progression in adolescents and young adults.
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This study was presented in part at the 2008 Annual Clinical Meeting of the North American Society of Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology, Newport Beach, CA
© 2009 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.