Main Outcome Measures
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- Vital signs: Teen pregnancy–United States, 1991-2009.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2011; 60: 414
- Repeat teen birth: does delivery mode make a difference?.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2010; 203: 453.e1
- Vital signs: Repeat births among teens - United States, 2007-2010.MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep. 2013; 62: 249
Klerman L: Another Chance: Preventing Additional Births to Teen Mothers. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC; May, 2004. Available: https://thenationalcampaign.org/sites/default/files/resource-primary-download/anotherchance_final.pdf. Accessed 19 March, 2014
Counting It Up: The Public Costs of Teen Childbearing: Key Data. National Campaign to Prevent Teen Pregnancy, Washington, DC; December, 2013. Available: http://thenationalcampaign.org/sites/default/files/resource-primary-download/counting-it-up-key-data-2013-update.pdf. Accessed 19 March, 2014.
- Births: final data for 2010.Natl Vital Stat Rep. 2012; 61: 1
National Center for Health Statistics. Natality public use file. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics. Available: http://wonder.cdc.gov/natality.html. Accessed 19 March, 2014.
- Preventing repeat adolescent pregnancies with early adoption of the contraceptive implant.Fam Plann Perspect. 1999; 31: 88
- A village would be nice but… it takes a long-active contraceptive to prevent rapid repeat adolescent pregnancies.Am J Prev Med. 2001; 21: 60
- Implanon as a contraceptive choice for teenage mothers: a comparison of contraceptive choices, acceptability and repeat pregnancy.Contraception. 2010; 81: 421
- Contraceptive use among adolescent mothers at 6 months postpartum.Obstet Gynecol. 1997; 89: 999
- Teenagers in the United States: sexual activity, contraceptive use, and childbearing, 2006-2010 national survey of family growth.Vital Health Stat. 2011; 23: 1
- Estimates of contraceptive failure from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth.Contraception. 2008; 77: 10
- Patterns of oral contraceptive pill-taking and condom use among adolescent contraceptive pill users.J Adolesc Health. 2006; 39: 381
- Effectiveness of long-acting reversible contraception.N Engl J Med. 2012; 366: 1998
- Committee Opinion no. 539: Adolescents and long-acting reversible contraception: implants and intrauterine devices.Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 120: 983
- Continuation of reversible contraception in teenagers and young women.Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 120: 1298
- Evaluation of an integrated services program to prevent subsequent pregnancy and birth among urban teen mothers.Soc Work Health Care. 2013; 52: 642
- U.S. Teenage Pregnancies, Births and Abortions,: State Trends by Age, Race and Ethnicity.Guttmacher Institute, New York2008 (Available: http://www.guttmacher.org/pubs/USTPtrendsState08.pdf. Accessed 19 March, 2014)
- Postpartum contraceptive use among mothers in seven states.J Adolesc Health. 2012; 52: 278
- Changes in use of long-acting contraceptive methods in the United States, 2007-2009.Fertil Steril. 2012; 98: 893
- Rapid repeat pregnancy in adolescents: do immediate postpartum contraceptive implants make a difference?.Am J Obstet Gynecol. 2012; 206: 481.e1
- Long acting reversible contraception in postpartum adolescents: early initiation of etonogestrel implant is superior to IUDs in the outpatient setting.J Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol. 2012; 25: 59
The authors indicate no conflicts of interest.
The study was undertaken at MedStar Washington Hospital Center, Washington, DC, in the Department of Women and Infant Services. There are no financial disclosures to report.