Original Study| Volume 31, ISSUE 3, P274-280, June 2018

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Low Acceptability of Certain Contraceptive Methods among Young Women

Published:November 30, 2017DOI:


      Study Objective

      To examine what predicts low personal acceptability of 4 different contraceptive methods among young women.


      Cross-sectional survey.


      Urban adolescent contraception clinic in Colorado.


      Female clinic patients ages 13-24 initiating contraception from August 2011 to April 2012.

      Interventions and Main Outcome Measures

      Survey participants reported their personal acceptability for oral contraceptive pills, depot medroxyprogesterone, contraceptive implants, and intrauterine devices on a scale from 0 (low) to 10 (high). Responses of 0-4 were categorized as low personal acceptability. Demographic characteristics, reproductive history, and perceived contraceptive satisfaction of friends and family members were incorporated into multivariable and hierarchical logistic regression models to determine distinct predictors of low personal acceptability for each method.


      Surveys were completed by 1067 women. Participants' mean age was 20 (±2.6) years. Half (552/1067) were white, 26% (277/1067) Hispanic, and 8.5% (91/1067) black. Of participants who were aware of oral contraceptive pills 52% (535/1037) reported low acceptability of this method compared with 74% (645/876) of those aware of depot medroxyprogesterone. Fewer reported low acceptability of intrauterine devices (37% or 303/825) or implant (43% or 356/839), although fewer overall participants had heard of these methods. Each method had unique predictors of low personal acceptability, however, for all method models, significant predictors included knowing someone who had become pregnant while using that method or having a friend who dislikes that method.


      Young women in this study with low personal acceptability of the 4 most common contraceptive methods had distinct demographic and reproductive health characteristics. Perceived negative experiences of friends and family members using contraception appeared most influential.

      Key Words

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