Case Report| Volume 31, ISSUE 3, P315-317, June 2018

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Foley Catheter as a Vaginal Stent in a Toddler with Vaginal Rhabdomyosarcoma

Published:December 09, 2017DOI:



      Sarcoma botryoides is a variant of embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma with cure rates exceeding 90%. Vaginal presentation is rare and treatment includes chemotherapy and local radiation. Sequelae of vaginal radiation in this age group have not been well defined. However, vaginal stenosis is a known result of pelvic radiation in adult women with vaginal dilation as the primary method of prevention and treatment.


      An 18-month-old child was diagnosed with vaginal rhabdomyosarcoma and underwent chemotherapy and vaginal brachytherapy radiation treatment. Six weeks after completion of radiation, vaginoscopy was performed with placement of a nonlatex Foley catheter to prevent vaginal stricture. When removed, vaginal patency was normal with no vaginal erosion.

      Summary and Conclusion

      Use of a soft, flexible, nonlatex catheter might prevent vaginal stricture in a young child.

      Key Words

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