Case Report| Volume 31, ISSUE 5, P536-539, October 2018

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Resolution of Hematocolpos in Adolescents Affected with Graft vs Host Disease



      Bone marrow transplantation is a lifesaving procedure for a range of serious benign or malignant hematological conditions. A proportion of patients, however, will develop graft vs host disease (GVHD), acute or chronic, with serious long-term sequalae.


      We present 2 cases of hematocolpos that developed in adolescence because of vaginal synechiae due to GVHD. The condition was initially asymptomatic, resolved spontaneously at first and recurred. In 1 girl blunt lysis of the adhesions was performed with the patient under general anesthesia, followed thereafter by local hydrocortisone and estriol treatment.

      Summary and Conclusion

      Genital symptoms might not be readily reported by adolescents after bone marrow transplantation. Physicians should be aware of possible late effects of GVHD on genitalia, inquire about symptoms, and be acquainted with addressing complications, such as vaginal obstruction.

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