Abstract| Volume 32, ISSUE 2, P204, April 2019

24. Contraceptive Use Among Adolescent Female Metabolic and Bariatric Surgery Patients

      Severe obesity among adolescents (BMI >=120% of the 95the percentile or BMI >= 35kg/m2) continues to increase. Metabolic and bariatric surgery (MBS) is a safe and effective treatment for adolescents; resulting in durable weight loss and resolution of related comorbidities. Avoiding pregnancy for 18-24 months after MBS is recommended; but teens face challenges concerning pregnancy prevention. Rapid weight loss after MBS improves polycystic ovarian syndrome and anovulation; leading to increases in fertility. Teens commonly use contraceptive methods with higher failure rates; this coupled with the increased risk of oral contraception failure after MBS, may lead to unplanned pregnancies. In fact, adolescent pregnancy rates after MBS are two-fold higher compared to the general adolescent population (12.8% vs 6.4%). Long acting reversible contraception (LARC) methods are safe and highly effective, making them a top tier choice for teens. Using quality improvement (QI) methodology, we aimed to increase levonorgestrel intrauterine device (LNG-IUD) insertion at the time of MBS in females receiving care at a single tertiary children’s hospital.
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