Original Report| Volume 32, ISSUE 6, P633-638, December 2019

Preoperative Risk Stratification of Adnexal Masses in the Pediatric and Adolescent Population: Evaluating the Decision Tree System


      Study Objective

      To evaluate the diagnostic performance of the Decision Tree System (DTS) rules 2 and 3 for surgically managed adnexal masses in the North American population and to compare it with the risk stratification criteria used at The Hospital for Sick Children (≥8 cm and complex/solid).


      A retrospective cohort study of patients who presented with adnexal masses and were surgically treated between April 2011 and March 2016.


      The Hospital for Sick Children (Toronto, Ontario, Canada).


      Patients 1-18 years of age with adnexal masses who underwent surgical treatment.

      Interventions and Main Outcome Measures

      Main outcome measures included diagnostic performance (preoperative sensitivity, specificity, positive predictive value [PPV], and negative predictive value [NPV] for malignancy) of the DTS rules 2 and 3 and ≥8 cm and complex/solid criteria.


      The malignancy rate was 10.4%. The DTS rules 2 and 3 had a sensitivity of 84% (95% confidence interval [CI], 79-90), specificity of 77% (95% CI, 71-83), PPV of 30% (95% CI, 17-42), and NPV of 98% (95% CI, 94-100). The 8 cm or larger and complex/solid criteria had a sensitivity of 89% (95% CI, 85-94), specificity of 71% (95% CI, 64-77), PPV of 27% (95% CI, 16-38), and NPV of 98% (95% CI, 96-100).


      Our study showed that DTS rules 2 and 3 had similar diagnostic performance as the 8 cm or larger and complex/solid criteria in the same population, with a very high NPV and a low PPV. Future prospective investigations should be conducted to further assess how DTS components can be incorporated into future algorithms for the management of adnexal masses in the pediatric population.

      Key Words

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