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Clinical Symptoms and Microbiological Findings in Prepubescent Girls with Vulvovaginitis

      Abstract

      Background

      The diagnosis and treatment of vulvovaginitis in children is poorly managed because it is difficult to determine whether the agent causing vulvovaginal inflammation is a single bacterial species.

      Study objective

      This study retrospectively evaluated genital microbiological findings in prepubescent girls with vulvovaginitis and then compared the findings to healthy controls without discharge.

      Methods

      This was a retrospective case-control study of 483 prepubescent girls aged 2-10 years with vulvovaginitis and 50 age-matched healthy asymptomatic controls. Data were collected at the Pediatric General Outpatient Unit of the Hospital of the Bezmialem Vakıf University from December 2015 to March 2021.

      Results

      Of the 483 positive vaginal cultures in the study group, 248 (51.3%) exhibited potential causative agents. Conversely, 8 of 50 (16%) of the vaginal cultures in the control group (P < .001) exhibited potential causative agents. Streptococcus pyogenes was the most frequently detected causative agent of vulvovaginitis in the study group. S. pyogenes was present in specimens from 74 girls (15.8%) with symptoms of vulvovaginitis vs 1 (4.1%) specimen in the control group. Other specific organisms identified in the study group were Escherichia coli (12%), Haemophilus influenzae (5%), Staphylococcus aureus (4.3%), Candida albicans (4.3%), and Streptococcus agalactia (3.3%).

      Conclusions

      Among prepubescent girls with vulvovaginitis, 51.3% of vaginal cultures exhibited potential causative agents in the study group. Our microbiological data indicated that the most common pathogens were S. pyogenes and E. coli.

      Keywords

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