Original Article| Volume 36, ISSUE 1, P51-57, February 2023

Telemedicine for Adolescent and Young Adult Long-Acting Reversible Contraception Follow-Up Care amidst a Global Pandemic

Published:August 07, 2022DOI:


      Study Objective

      To describe adolescent and young adult (AYA) long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) follow-up care via telemedicine in the year following the COVID-19 pandemic onset


      Longitudinal cohort study


      Three academic adolescent medicine clinics in the United States


      AYAs using LARC



      Main Outcome Measures

      The main outcome measures were patient characteristics, visit information (frequency, timing, and modality), patient-reported symptoms, and outcomes for those presenting for LARC follow-up care between April 1, 2020, and March 31, 2021. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the sample. χ2 tests and t tests were used to compare groups. Adjusted logistic regression models using general estimating equations were applied to assess factors associated with telemedicine visits and to examine visit outcomes.


      Of the 319 AYAs (ages 13.6-25.7 years), 40.1% attended at least one LARC telemedicine visit. Patients attending any telemedicine encounter vs only in-person visits had similar demographic and clinical characteristics. Of the 426 follow-up visits, 270 (63.4%) were conducted in person and 156 (36.6%) were performed via telemedicine. Most visits (62.7%) occurred within 12 months of device insertion. Reports of bothersome uterine bleeding beyond patient expectations (OR = 1.26; 95% CI, 0.80-1.96), any symptom (OR = 1.40; 95% CI, 0.94-2.10), or 2 or more symptoms (OR = 1.22; 95% CI, 0.67-2.22) at follow-up was not associated, positively or negatively, with mode of follow-up. Management of bleeding (OR = 1.27; 95% CI, 0.56-2.89), management of acne (P = .46), and need for rapid follow-up (P = .33) were similar between follow-up modalities.


      Patient demographic/clinical characteristics and visit outcomes were similar between telemedicine and in-person LARC follow-up. Telemedicine could play an important role in AYA LARC care.

      Key Words


      LARC (Long-acting reversible contraception), IUD (Intrauterine device), AYA (Adolescent and Young Adult)
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      1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Telehealth and telemedicine: a research anthology of law and policy resources. 2019. Available: Accessed January 3, 2022

      2. Health Resources & Services Administration: Policy changes during COVID-19. Available: Accessed January 3, 2022

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