Although pelvic inflammatory disease is seen in sexually active women, it can also be seen in virgin girls. One of the conditions that can develop if not treated appropriately is pyosalpinx. A case of pyosalpinx causing xanthogranulomatous inflammation, a rare type of inflammation, is presented.
A 15-year-old virgin adolescent patient underwent salpingectomy for left pyosalpinx, and the pathology result revealed xanthogranulomatous salpingitis.
Pelvic inflammatory disease is extremely rare in virgin adolescents and there is usually an underlying anatomic anomaly. No anatomical anomaly was detected in our case, but the detection of E.coli in the abscess fluid culture and the chronic constipation of our patient made us think that the cause of the disease was an ascending infection originating from the gastrointestinal tract.
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Published online: February 08, 2023
Accepted: January 27, 2023
Received in revised form: December 27, 2022
Received: August 25, 2022
Publication stageIn Press Journal Pre-Proof
Conflicts of Interest: None
© 2023 North American Society for Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.