Research Article|Articles in Press

Addressing Administrative and System-Level Challenges to Implementation of Long-Acting Reversible Contraceptives in Adolescent Medicine and Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology Practices: A Qualitative Study

Published:February 07, 2023DOI:


      Study Objective

      Adolescents use long-acting reversible contraceptive (LARC) methods less than adults. Practices that specialize in adolescent medicine, including Adolescent Medicine (AM) and Pediatric and Adolescent Gynecology (PAG), may be well positioned to help improve adolescent access to these methods. We describe administrative and system-level barriers encountered when implementing LARCs for adolescents and strategies that practices have successfully used to address these barriers.


      We conducted a qualitative study with physicians and staff at AM and PAG practices that provide LARCs to adolescents.


      Semi-structured telephone interviews

      Main Outcome Measures

      Interview guides were based on the Consolidated Framework for Implementation Research (CFIR), an implementation science methodology designed to understand the following aspects of settings adopting new practices: innovation characteristics, external environment, institutional and practice settings, the stakeholders involved, and the implementation process.


      Seventeen interviews were performed. When examining administrative and system-level challenges encountered by interviewees, the four CFIR constructs identified most frequently were cost, readiness for implementation–available resources, planning, and engaging. Interviewees shared strategies used to overcome these common barriers, including for billing and working with insurance companies, space and equipment needed to introduce LARCs, scheduling and use of telemedicine, and staff training and engagement.


      Sites used many strategies to address these common challenges to implementation. Examples could help with implementation of LARC provision in practices serving adolescent populations.

      Key Words

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