Research Article|Articles in Press

Perception of group prenatal care among pregnant adolescents: A qualitative study in Iran

Published:March 06, 2023DOI:



      Understanding the pregnant adolescent's perception of group prenatal care is necessary for introducing and implementing this model of care. This qualitative study aims to explore adolescent pregnant women's perception of group prenatal care in Iran.


      This qualitative study was conducted in Iran to explore adolescents’ perception of group prenatal care during pregnancy, from November 2021 to May 2022. Fifteen adolescent pregnant women (from low-income population) who received group prenatal care were recruited and interviewed individually in public health care center through an intentional sampling method. Interviews were digitally recorded and transcribed verbatim in Persian and analyzed using conventional content analysis.


      From the data analysis, two themes, six main categories, and 21 subcategories emerged. The themes were “Maternal empowerment” and “Pleasant prenatal care”. The first theme included four categories of knowledge enhancement, improving self-efficacy, perceived support, and feeling of security. The second theme is composed of two categories of motivation and effective interaction with peers.


      The findings of this study showed the effectiveness of group prenatal care in promoting feelings of empowerment and satisfaction of adolescent pregnant women. Further research is needed to assess the benefits of group prenatal care for adolescents in Iran and other populations.



      GPNC (Group prenatal care), LMICs (Low and middle income countries)
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